Recent research reveals that Cameroon has a healthy inventory of ebony. This and the fact that global demand for ebony is relatively small suggest that with proper management, including replanting, the prospect of maintaining a sustainable population of ebony trees in Cameroon is strong. But we believe it’s vital that we act now. While Cameroon’s rate of forest loss is low compared to countries experiencing large-scale deforestation, the rate of deforestation and forest degradation is steadily increasing. By 2030, if Cameroon continues on its current trajectory, rates will double. This region also faces increasing threats from fuelwood demand for urban centers, unsustainable expansion of smallholder and industrial-scale agriculture, and informal logging and mining.